What Are the Other Herpes Viruses

Many people when they hear herpes they will think of cold sores or they think genital herpes. There are actually eight different kinds of the herpes virus:

  • Herpes Simplex Virus 1
  • Herpes Simplex Virus 2
  • Varicella-Zoster virus
  • Epstein Barr virus
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Human Herpes Virus 6
  • Human Herpes Virus 7
  • Human Herpes Virus 8

All of the herpes viruses have the ability to lay stagnant within the body until reactivation of the virus.

Herpes Simplex Virus 1

Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 is the most common herpes virus to infect people. Most people develop type 1 in their childhood. Type 1 usually will cause sores inside or around the mouth called cold sores/fever blisters. Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 is transmitted through an infected persons saliva or infected area.

Herpes Simplex Virus 2

This type of herpes is sexually transmitted. Symptoms for type 2 include genital and oral sores. Type 2 herpes virus can cause serious complications if not taking care of such as lesions on the lining of the brain, if not the brain. The virus can also affect your eyes.


Varicella-Zoster is known as many different things such as:

  • Varicella Virus
  • Zoster Virus
  • Human Herpes 3

This type of herpes is what will cause chickenpox or what is called the Varicella disease.

Epstein Barr Virus

Epstein Barr Virus another part of the herpes family also named The Kissing Disease,and mono, is one of the most common viruses to infect people. Symptoms for Epstein Barr include:

  • fever
  • sore throat
  • swollen glands
  • aching joints

There are not any cures available for Epstein Barr, most physicians treat the symptoms the best they can.


Cytomegalovirus is also called the Human Herpes Virus 5, like the other viruses Cytomegalovirus is most often contracted through saliva, though it can be infectious anywhere in the body. Cytomegalovirus can be fatal for people who have a low immune system.

Human Herpes Virus 6

It is believed that nearly 100% of the population is infected with type 6 virus by the time they are three years old. Just like the rest of the Herpes virus it will remain stagnant in your bone marrow and stays for life. If the virus becomes active it can cause disease in people who have had a transplant and lead to graft rejections. If Human Herpes Virus re-activates it is usually in infants.

Human Herpes virus 7

Human Herpes Virus 7 is in the same B-Herpes virus family. They are alike in the way that they both infect approximately 100% of children by three, and usually remain stagnant once the child is out of infancy.

Human Herpes Virus 8

The formal name for this disease is HHV-8. It is known to cause Kaposi's sarcoma which is a cancer that shows in AIDS patients. HHV-8 also causes primary effusion lymphoma and Castle man's Disease. Kaposi's sarcoma is most often treated by surgically removing the tumor or doing local irradiation. Chemotherapy can also sometimes be used. Another form of treatment is antiviral drugs that try to kill any replications of the virus.  




Photo Credit: BoomInCali

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