An Overview of the Herpes Simplex Virus
The herpes simplex virus is two strains of the herpes virus family that can cause highly painful infections in humans. The virus is broken down into herpes simplex virus types I and II (HSV-1 and HSV-2).
A herpes simplex virus infection is often marked by watery blisters and lesions on the skin or mucous membranes of the mouth and lips or can be found around the genital area.
Herpes simplex virus type I is usually not dangerous, other than being painful and irritating.
Herpes simplex virus type II, however, is classified as a sexually transmitted disease (STD) and can lead to the spread of infection around the body and to others.
Further Risks of Herpes Simplex Virus Type II
One of the risk factors that are increased by the presence of Herpes Simplex Virus Type II is the contraction of cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is known to be a malignant type cancer of the cervix or cervical area. Cervical cancer can be caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which can put women at a higher risk who have had many partners (particularly partners who have had sexual intercourse with multiple partners).
According to a study in the November 6 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, the herpes simplex virus type II (HSV-2) has been linked as a direct accomplice to the human papillomavirus (HPV).
This link has been noted in being a cause in some cases of invasive cervical cancer among women infected with herpes simplex virus type II (HSV-2).
Behaviors of Cervical Cancer
In many regards, cervical cancer behaves as a sexually transmitted disease due to this accomplice factor However, women that are already affected by herpes simplex virus type II (HSV-2), face no additional risk as long as they do not have the human papillomavirus (HPV) as well. There are about one hundred different types of the human papillomavirus (HPV), which have infected a combined total of about twenty four million Americans.
However, fourteen of those human papillomavirus (HPV) types are high risk, having clearly been shown to cause invasive cervical cancer, making up at least ninety percent of all cervical, as well as other genital cancers. Other major risk factors are multiple sexual partners, early onset of sexual activity, smoking, and giving birth before the age of twenty.
Treatment and Prevention of Cervical Cancer
Currently, there is no known cure for the human papillomavirus (HPV), but it is possible for the related infection to go away on its own without any treatment. Regular pap-smear screenings are an important test used to find any changes in the cells of the cervix caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). One operation used to treat the effects of cervical cancer is a hysterectomy, which is the removal of the whole uterus, and includes part of the vaginal area.
Check for Warning Signs
As with any type of cancer or sexually transmitted disease, it is important to get regular checkups and be conscious and aware of the preliminary warning signs so that the condition can be treated before the onset of any major symptoms or complications.
Photo Credit: euthman